Import is one of the main components in the economy of any country. This process not only helps access to foreign goods and services, but also plays an important role in economic development and growth. In this article, we examine various aspects of import, from its history to its challenges and opportunities in Iran.


Import is one of the main components in the economy of any country. This process not only helps access to foreign goods and services, but also plays an important role in economic development and growth. In this article, we examine various aspects of import, from its history to its challenges and opportunities in Iran.

Imports to a country can improve the economic status of that country.

For example, it can be pointed out that raw materials are not found in a country. In order for this country to have a prosperous economy, it must import its raw materials from another country, here it is beneficial for both countries.

The first country that needs raw materials will receive the raw materials. Factories are starting to work and economic growth is happening for this country.

The second country provides the raw materials and receives an amount in exchange for the raw materials. The amount of this product makes the economy of this country grow.

The History of Import in Iran

Imports in Iran have undergone many changes and developments since ancient times until today. In different historical eras, Iran has been known as one of the important trade and import centers. Economic developments in every period have had a profound effect on the amount and type of imported goods. The first basic principle in importing is customs.

History of Customs in Iran

Customs, as the economic gate of every country, has played an important role in the economic and commercial development of Iran. In this section, we examine the history of customs. Since customs plays a role in import, you should have information about this important issue to get a better understanding of import and export.

For more information about this important issue, you can refer to the “customs history” article and read it.

Here we give you a brief explanation of customs and its history.

The Formation of the Customs System in Iran

The customs system in Iran with a long history has played an important role in the formation of the modern economy of this country. From the Sassanid era to the present era, customs has always been known as an important financial and administrative institution. This national institution makes the entry and exit of goods to Iran to be registered in order to use these goods in the best way. In addition, the customs can design a program in the best possible way for each imported product.

Does the customs help the domestic producer?

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Steps and Process of Importing

The import process includes several steps, starting from the search for suppliers and ending with the negotiation and signing of the contract. This process also includes a thorough review of import related laws and regulations.

We can show these steps step by step for you, dear friends, so that you can understand this issue better.


  • Knowing the target market

First of all, knowing the target market is essential for importing goods. Researching the needs and interests of customers is one of the first steps in starting a successful business. This allows you to pre-sell the goods imported into the country before importing them. You can identify your target market with the minimum. Look is the primary part for this, look to see what essential goods are scarce in an area.


  • Choosing imported goods

Choosing the right goods for import based on market analysis, current trends and potential profitability is one of the most important decisions. Products with small volume and reasonable price are the best choice for importers.

  • Check the rules and regulations

Knowledge of international trade and import laws and regulations, including taxes, tariffs, and customs standards, is essential. Knowing about these issues will make you enter this section with purpose. Importing may be very simple in layman’s language, but to make it practical, you need a specification.


  • Communication with foreign suppliers

Finding a foreign manufacturer for the product you want. Establishing and maintaining effective relationships with foreign suppliers is the key to success in the import process. This communication should be in such a way that you know the laws and regulations of the country of origin. This allows you to easily make your purchase without worry.

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  • Customs and shipping processes

A thorough understanding of customs processes and the selection of effective methods of transporting goods, including sea, air and land, are essential to reduce shipping costs and time. Food products with expiration dates must be transported by air. The type of transportation is very important and should be given special attention.


  • Marketing and sales

Smart marketing and sales strategies are vital to introduce imported goods to the market and attract customers. Marketing can help you in selling your imported products. Selling products not only helps you to get the right profit for your product, but also helps the economic prosperity of a country.


  • Market analysis and evaluation

Continuous market analysis and performance evaluation is essential to ensure long-term competitiveness and profitability. Analysis makes the possibility of your loss to zero.


  • Negotiation and conclusion of contract

After selecting the product and marketing your product, you must buy the product from the manufacturer of your choice. It is not possible for you to negotiate and write a contract with a Chinese supplier for example. DO Tradepartner Company has solved this problem for you.

Types of Imported Goods

Imported goods are divided into three main categories:

  • Consumable goods
  • Capital
  • Intermediary

Each of these categories has a specific role in the economy and responds to different needs of the society. You can click on each one for more information and read about it. This section can help you a lot in the import and export sector.

Import and Technology

Importing helps to access the latest technologies. Many countries, including Iran, depend on importing technology to develop their industrial and technological sectors.


Challenges of Importation

Imports face challenges such as trade obstacles, currency fluctuations and international transportation problems. These factors can have a significant impact on the cost and efficiency of imports.

Sanctions-related Challenges

International sanctions are one of the biggest challenges in importing goods to Iran. These sanctions have different effects on foreign trade and imports. The embargo may not be a problem for some merchants, but this problem can be far more problematic for some goods and importers.

Currency and Financing Problems

Fluctuations in exchange rates and financing difficulties are among the major obstacles that importers face. This can have a significant impact on import costs. Currency fluctuations are for countries that are under sanctions and recession.

The Impact of Imports on Domestic Production

Imports can be considered both as an opportunity and as a threat to domestic production. On the one hand, competition with imported goods can help stimulate innovation in domestic production.

At first glance, many domestic producers are against the import of domestically produced products. In addition to helping domestic producers, importing goods can create a sense of competition. The sense of competition increases the quality of imported goods and domestic production.

The impact of Imports on the Labor Market

Importing creates new job opportunities, especially in the sectors related to the distribution and sale of imported goods. This process also creates the need for certain specializations in the labor market. Imports can directly and indirectly affect the labor market. On the one hand, importing foreign goods can create new job opportunities, and on the other hand, it can lead to competition with domestic producers. The government should control imports. Indiscriminate imports destroy domestic production in a country.

Advantages of Imports

Importing helps to access high quality goods and diversity in the market. This allows consumers to have more options. Imports can help regulate domestic markets and prevent monopoly and inappropriate pricing. It also allows countries to focus on producing goods in which they have a comparative advantage.

Disadvantages of Imports

This process can lead to economic dependence and have negative effects on the trade balance. Countries should be careful to avoid over-reliance on imports. The only disadvantage of importing is that if it is done indiscriminately, it will destroy the domestic production of a country.

Strategies for Improving Imports

Improving trade infrastructure and establishing balanced trade relations can help increase the efficiency of imports. Also, strengthening domestic production is important to reduce dependence on imports.


In the end and according to the points mentioned in this article, import as one of the vital components of the modern economy plays a key role in the economic development of Iran. Considering the existing challenges and opportunities, the future of imports in Iran can be very great and prosperous.

Frequently Asked Questions


  1. What effect does import have on the economy?
  2. What challenges are there in the import process?
  3. How can the import process be improved?
  4. What is the role of the government in facilitating imports?
  5. How is the future of imports in Iran predicted?

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